Some well being situations are simply too painful, and want speedy intervention. However the encouraging bit about these situations is that they’re preventable, too, and also you solely have to be vigilant and proactive about well being. One such widespread ailment is that of kidney stones, that are arduous deposits made from minerals and salts that kind inside our kidneys. Weight loss plan, physique weight and sure dietary supplements or medicines are among the many many causes, says Dr Shalabh Aggarwal, Division of Urology & Andrology, CK Birla Hospital, Gurugram.

What occurs when stones are shaped?

“These stones can have an effect on any a part of the urinary tract, from kidneys to bladder. Usually, stones kind when the urine turns into thickened, permitting minerals to harden and stick collectively. Passing kidney stones may be fairly painful, however they often trigger no everlasting harm in the event that they’re recognised in a well timed order,” says the physician, including: “Relying on the criticality of the state of affairs, one might have nothing greater than taking a ache medicine and consuming a number of water to cross a kidney stone. In different circumstances, as an illustration, if stones get blocked within the urinary tract and trigger an infection then surgical procedure turns into a should.”

What are the causes of kidney stones?

The kidney often filters out waste chemical substances in urine, corresponding to calcium and phosphate. Generally the kidney will not be capable of filter these waste merchandise out. This will occur when there may be extra waste and insufficient liquid within the kidney, inflicting crystals to kind. As soon as these crystals kind into kidney stones, these stones could keep within the kidney or journey down the urinary tract. Generally, nevertheless, individuals are unable to cross these stones, which causes a slowdown of urine within the physique, resulting in problems, explains Dr Aggarwal.

The prevention

* Keep hydrated: Ingesting extra water is step one one should take to stop kidney stones. This helps in diluting urine, in flushing out the kidneys and urinary tract, in order that stones don’t gather. Drink at the least  8-10 glasses of water on daily basis and 1 glass each hour.

* Cut back sodium consumption: A excessive consumption of salt in food regimen will increase the chance of calcium kidney stones. An excessive amount of salt within the urine prevents calcium from being reabsorbed from the urine to the blood, inflicting excessive urine calcium.

* Eat calcium wealthy meals: Dietary calcium lowers the focus of oxalate within the urine, so there may be much less likelihood of it binding to urinary calcium resulting in a decreased threat of kidney stones. It’s best to get calcium from milk, yoghurt, beans and bread.

* Keep away from sugary and caffeinated drinks: Drinks that comprise a number of sugar, particularly espresso and colas, improve the chance of recurring kidney stones.

* Keep away from stone-forming meals: Goodies, nuts, spinach should be prevented. These meals objects comprise oxalate which can improve threat.

* Decrease animal protein: An excessive amount of meat, poultry, eggs and seafood can enhance calcium and uric acid within the physique inflicting kidney stones.

* Keep away from excessive doses of vitamin C: Consuming an excessive amount of vitamin C has the potential to extend the quantity of oxalate in urine, thus growing the chance of growing kidney stones, notably if a person has a historical past of calcium oxalate stones.


“The remedy for a kidney stone depends upon the scale of the stone, what it’s made from, whether or not it’s inflicting ache or blocking the urinary tract. A kidney stone is identified via a urine check, blood check, X-ray and/or CT scan. The remedy can embody taking pain-relief medicines and consuming loads of fluids to assist push the stone via the urinary tract. If the stone is giant, or is obstructing the urinary tract, extra remedy, corresponding to surgical procedure may be mandatory,” Dr Aggarwal concludes.


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